An ovarian cystectomy is performed during either a laparoscopy or a laparotomy. A laparoscopy involves a smaller incision, but a laparotomy is more often used when there are concerns of cancer, as the larger incision provides a better view of the abdominal and pelvic organs.
During either of the surgeries, which are performed under general anesthesia, the doctor may remove ovarian cysts that are causing problems (ovarian cystectomy). These excisions are usually performed if:
- The ovarian growths are present on both ovaries
- The cyst is larger than three inches in diameter
- A cyst under surveillance doesn’t shrink or dissolve within two to three months
- An ultrasound suggests that the cyst is not merely a functional cyst, and will not dissolve on its own
Although the cysts can be removed, there is no guarantee that a new one will not form on the same ovary, or even on the opposite one. Only the removal of the ovaries (oophorectomy) can fully prevent the growth of any new ovarian cysts. If the cyst is cancerous, the doctor may recommend an oophorectomy, or even a complete hysterectomy, in which the ovaries are removed, along with the fallopian tubes and uterus.
If you are experiencing a gynecological medical condition and would like to schedule a consultation with the Women’s Specialists of Plano, a women’s healthcare practice servicing the North Dallas area, please contact our office today.In addition to offering ovarian cystectomy, we offer the da Vinci Robotic Hysterectomy, Endometrial Ablation, Pelvic Floor Reconstruction, and other advanced services for women. Contact one of our skilled women’s health providers today.