An Overview of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pelvic inflammatory disease, also called PID or a pelvic infection, affects more than one million American women each year and is almost always caused by the untreated effects of a sexually transmitted disease—most commonly gonorrhea or chlamydia. Once an STD enters the vagina and makes its way past the cervix, the cervix can no longer protect the internal organs from the bacteria, and thus the reproductive system becomes infected. PID is one of the primary causes of infertility among women. Treatment for a pelvic infection includes antibiotics and in more advanced cases, surgery.
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